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How To Plant Propagation by Layering and their Types

Layering is a unique method of producing new plants from plant stems or twigs. If you want to prepare new plants from trees and plants in your home garden, that too without grafting or cutting method, then this article is for you. In today’s article, you are going to read or are going to learn what is the layering of plant propagation or plant transmission? Definition of layering? Which plants can be prepared by layering or pressing? What are the methods of layering or applying pressure? What are the advantages of the layering method? When to layer plants? everything

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What Is Layering In Plants

40 to 50 plants are prepared from a single plant by air layering method. In this method, roots are produced in any branch or twig of the plant without separating it from the plant. For this, any flexible branch or twig of the plant is folded and buried in the ground or the stem of the branch is peeled a little and covered with cocopeat and closed with polythene. When this branch develops roots, then it is separated from the parent plant and planted in a pot or garden. In this way many plants can be prepared from one plant in layering method.

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Types Of Layering In Plants

  1. Ground Layering
  2. Gootee or Air Layering

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Ground Layering

This method is adopted in the branches near the ground or in the plants whose branches can be successfully pressed into the ground.

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There are many methods of ground layering

  • Simple Layering
  • Ring Layering
  • Surpentine or Compound Layering
  • Tongue Layering
  • Tip Layering
  • Trench Layering
  • Stool Layering
  • Chinese or Pot Layering
  • Machaan Layering

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Simple Layering

In this method, the branch or twig of the plant is simply buried in the ground. Keep in mind that in this layering, the upper edge or end of the branch is not to be completely pressed, it should be about 15 cm. Leaving should be pressed. This method is adopted in plants like paper lemon, grapes, Vela etc.

Surpentine or Compound Layering

It is also called compound layering. In this method, leaving as many places of the branch as possible in the ground, leave it in the gap. In this method many plants can be prepared from the same branch. This method is adopted in grape plants.

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Tip Layering

In this method, the upper tip of the plant is bent and buried in the ground. This method is adopted in raspberry, blackberry plants.

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Trench Layering

In this method, the whole twig is buried in the ground. In this, like ordinary layering or snake layering, no part of the branch is left but the whole is buried in the ground till the top. The more knots in the pressed twig, the more roots and shoots will be produced. This method is adopted in the plants of pear, apple etc.

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Ring Layering

Ring layering is also similar to ordinary layering, but in this, a ring shape is made in the pressed part of the branch, due to which the roots start growing sooner.

Tongue Layering

In this method, the tongue shape is made on the pressed part of the branch without making a ring.

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Stool Layering

In this method, the way earthing up is done around the stems of the plant, about 30 cm above the soil is given, after a few days new branches or shoots start coming out from the edge of the stems. When these shoots become big, it is uprooted along with the root and planted in another place.

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Chinese or pot Layering

In this method of layering, a pot filled with soil is taken near the plant and its branches are buried in the soil of the pot. Then the prepared plant can be grown in the pot itself or it can also be planted in a different place. If the plant remains in the pot, success is more.

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Gootee or Air Layering

This method is adopted in those plants whose branches or twigs cannot be bent and pressed into the ground. For this, soil and other rooting medium is tied to the twigs and encouraged to remove the roots from them. After rooting, it is cut and planted in another place along with the root. By this method – plants of lemon class, mango, jackfruit, litchi, bougainvillea etc. can be produced.

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Methods of Air Layering

  • First of all, healthy and mature branch or twig is selected for planting goo.
  • This method is done in the rainy season.
  • On the selected branches, 2 – 3 cm long ring form separates the bark. The bark should be completely separated and the wood should not be damaged in any way.
  • Now taking a mixture of soil or other root extracting medium in the cut part, wrap it around it and cover it with a piece of sack or polythene and tie it well.
  • After a few days, when the roots emerge from them, it is cut and removed from the polythene and planted in another main field.

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Advantages Of Layering Method In Plants

  • In this method many new plants can be prepared from the same plant.
  • Layering does not require any special tools or skills.
  • Plants which cannot be grown through cuttings (like mango) can also be grown by layering method.
  • The new plant does not require much care as long as it is attached to the parent plant, as it gets nutrients from the parent plant.
  • Plants can be prepared in layering method without any risk and cost.

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Plants That Grow By Layering Method

  • Grapes
  • Mango
  • Guava
  • Jackfruit
  • Lemon
  • Apple
  • pear
  • Strawberry
  • Raspberry
  • Rose
  • Honeysuckle
  • Rhododendron
  • Hibiscus
  • Bougainvillea
  • Jasmine, etc

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What is the best time to do layering In Plants

Plants can be prepared by this method at any time of the year, but the best time is in the spring (February-March), when the plants are actively growing. Shrubs with flexible stems are best suited for layering. You can also do layering of plants during the autumn (September-November month) apart from the spring season.

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