Plants Information we Describe about Plants. they are generally considered one of the 6 large groups of living things. Scientific studies have identified about 350,000 extant (living) species of plants known to us as botany. Plants make their own food. Usually, they cannot move. Broadly classified, plants are divided into two categories- flowering and non-flowering plants. Plants include trees, herbs, shrubs, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and familiar types such as green algae. Most of the plants grow in the ground and some float on water.
Parts of a plant / एक पौधे के भाग
A plant is made up of many parts. The main parts of the plant are seeds, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. Each part does its job to keep the plant green and alive. The roots of the plant absorb water and minerals from the soil and bind the plant to the ground so that the plant stands in the ground and the stem of the plant supports the plant above the ground and carries water and minerals to the leaves. The function of leaves is also to collect energy from the sun which works to make food for the plant using a process called photosynthesis.
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Seeds / बीज
The seed is the main part of the plant and the seed itself contains all the plant material that can grow into its other plant. This plant material is called the embryo. All seeds are covered with a protective seed sheath and contain one or two cotyledons. Cotyledons are food for the baby plant until it can make its own food from light and are often the plant’s first embryonic leaves.
The important function of plant roots is to hold the plant in the soil so that the plant can stand and absorb the nutrients and water which are essential for all plants.
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Stems / तना
The stem is the top part of the plant that is above the soil. The stem supports the plant and the stem serves as a transport system for the plant’s nutrients, water, sugar, and starch. The process of photosynthesis can happen in the stem of some plants such as cacti, celery, asparagus, and banana.
Leaves / पत्ते
Leaves are one of the main parts of the plant where photosynthesis usually takes place and food is made for the plant. Leaves contain chlorophyll, a green substance that captures light energy and then uses it to convert water and carbon dioxide into plant food and oxygen.
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Flowers / फूल
Flowers are the reproductive organs of plants. Flowers have petals and fragrance that attracts butterflies, bees, and other insects. Most flowers have four main parts: the petal, the stamen (anther and filament), the pistil (stigma, style, and ovary), and the sepals. After the flowers are pollinated and fertilized, they produce seeds in the ovary of the flower.
Fruit / फल
Fruits in plants are fleshy substances that usually enclose seeds. They protect the seeds and attract organisms to eat them. The fleshy material helps in seed dispersal. There are seeds inside the fruit
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How do Plants Grow? / पौधे कैसे बढ़ते हैं ?
Plants mostly grow from seeds, which live for days, months, or even years. The seed contains some food and a protective layer around the embryo from which a seedling develops. The right temperature, dark and moist conditions help the seed germinate. First, the roots begin to grow downward and make the plant immobile. The small tender plant starts growing upwards towards the sunlight and the roots start growing downwards. Eventually, the plant produces a stem and leaf. In this way gradually the plant gets bigger.
Indoor Plants / घरों के भीतर लगाए जाने वाले पौधे
In our hectic life, we are attempting the easy quickest ways to make things without any effort. After a stressful day at the job, anyone would love to pay some time close to the earth. In metro cities, it’s hard to find natural landscapes, but there are solutions for every problem. Below is information about attractive Indoor plants. Explore and choose the perfect plants for your balcony.
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Outdoor Plants / बाहरी पौधे
Plants that need low carrying and grow up simply on the outside are known as Outdoor plants. Outdoor plants give us oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide during the photosynthesis process, but also reduce stress, anxiety, and tiredness and give us relaxation. Outside plants have different categories such as including trees, shrubs, non-flowering plants, and flowering plants. Search for more information about the Outdoor plants below.
Aquatic Plants / जल वनस्पती
Aquatic plants are those plants that develop under the water Ex- the water lily, floating heart, and also some rooted in the mud like the lotus. Aquatic plants are very important for the ecosystem. They give a home for plankton and jellyfish, which, in turn, provide food for fish. Plants also provide a cover for baitfish, on which predator fish feed. browse our blogs below for more knowledge about Aquatic plants.
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Ayurvedic Plants / आयुर्वेदिक पौधे
The traditional practice of Indian medicine has an important role in medical herbs. Herbal medicines like aloe, tulsi, neem, turmeric, and ginger cure many common diseases and cleanse the body, boost defense against disease, and keep the mind, body, and spirit in balance. These are considered medicines in many parts of the country. Further, some plants are viewed as an essential origin of nourishment and are therefore valued for their therapeutic values.
Tree / पेड़
Trees are woody with a single stem and live for many years. Tree, a woody plant that regularly renews its growth. Most plants listed as trees have a single self-supporting trunk consisting of pithy tissue, and in most species, the trunk provides small organs, called branches. Trees are one of the very useful and beautiful living things on earth. They provide us with fresh oxygen and many essentials, such as wood, pulp for paper production, fruit, shade on sunny days, and home to many animals including land animals, insects, and birds. There are two main types of trees: one is evergreen and the other is deciduous. Both are slightly different.
Vegetables / सब्जियां
Vegetables are an important part of our lives and the world. The vegetable is a broad term that refers to the nutritious parts of plants, which are normally their leaves, roots, fruits, or seeds. Vegetables are considered a staple food around the world and vegetables are considered a fundamental part of modern agriculture.
Flowering Plants / फूलों वाले पौधे
Flowering plants Also known as angiosperms, flowering plants have attractive and pleasant flowers that use seeds for reproduction using the process of pollination. Both male and female plants are present in all flowers. These are about 90% of the known species. The grass is also considered a type of flowering plant.
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Non-Flowering Plants / फूल रहित पौधे
Non-flowering plants do not produce flowers, they reproduce by dispersal, using seeds or spores. Gymnosperms are plants that do not produce flowers but produce seeds, while mosses and ferns reproduce using seeds. Non-flowering plants are green and give good oxygen
Pollination / परागन
In order for plants to reproduce and form seeds, they need to transfer pollen grains from one plant to another. Plants can obtain pollen from the same type of plant or species to produce seeds. Brightly colored plants and flowers attract small animals or insects that act as pollen carriers. Also known as pollinators, these pick up pollen and carry it from one plant to another. In general, most plants can be wind-pollinated, while some rely on bees and butterflies. When butterflies visit flowers, pollen sticks to their bodies and carries them to the next flower.
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Plant Defense / संयंत्र रक्षा
Unlike their predators, plants cannot run away from danger. To protect them from danger, nature has equipped them with its own unique armor and weapons! For example, cactus spines keep rodents and small animals away. Some plants have poisonous leaves while others have tiny hairs that keep away animals that feed on them.
Carnivorous Plants / नरभक्षी पादप
Some plants are eaten by animals. When soils are thin and nutrient deficient, plants turn to other sources. Growing carnivorous plants, such as the Venus flytrap, have mobile parts to trap their prey (small animals including frogs), while others attract food onto a sticky surface with their scent. Parasitic plants are present in almost every biome, some plants are parasitic and obtain most of their nutrients from other plants. Parasitic plants have modified roots that enter the conductive system of the host plant and obtain water and nutrients from the host.
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