Nowadays all types of vegetables are available in the market, but it is not necessary that they should be fresh. On the roof of the house or if you have any vacant land, then you can easily make a vegetable garden (kitchen garden) … by this you will get pure vegetables. Vegetables have an important place in our daily diet as they are good sources of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. An adult person should consume 85 grams of fruits and 300 grams of vegetables daily. In which about 125 grams of green leafy vegetables, 100 grams of root vegetables and 75 grams of other types of vegetables should be consumed.
We are mainly Gourd and Bitter gourd along with Brinjal, Bhindi, Tomato, Chilli, Coriander, Mint, Fenugreek, Spinach, Basil, Oregano, Broccoli, Mustard, etc. can grow many more in our small garden. You can grow some things in the ground and some in pots or some on the roof of your house. Maybe this information of mine can be of some help to you. The size of the vegetable garden depends on the availability of land and the number of persons. Generally, 200-300 square meters of land is sufficient for a family of four to five persons and even if it falls short, there is no need to be disappointed, you have many options for that too.
The summer season is favorable for growing many delicious vegetables. You can easily grow summer vegetables in your home garden. Summer vegetables can be enjoyed in the summer season like pumpkin, bitter gourd, ladyfinger, bottle gourd, capsicum, onion, tomato, brinjal, cucumber etc. Although every season has its own benefits, but the winter season is the favorite of most people. Traveling and eating in the cold season has a different fun in itself. Especially in the cold season, green vegetables work not only to make you taste but also to make your health. Spinach, bathua, fenugreek, sarson ka saag, radish can be enjoyed during the winter season. People living in India can do gardening throughout the year, sow winter vegetables in October and summer vegetables in February.
If there is any disease in the vegetable plants, then which medicine should be given – although it depends on the disease which medicine is more suitable but we do not use insecticide in our home garden and usually neem oil Spraying is done which removes the disease but does not harm the vegetable. This neem oil is easily available in the market. So if you have any place near where there is strong sunlight and can grow some, then you can also grow vegetables of your choice at home. If there is no sunlight, then you can grow some vegetables that grow in the shade.
Where can I plant vegetables at home?
In the vacant land around the house:
There are many such places around our house which we can use to grow vegetables. If the soil there is solid, then first dig it and make it like a field and if possible, by adding fertile soil of a pond and dung manure etc., plow it well. After that, by making small beds in it, you can plant your favorite vegetables in it. If you have a shortage of irrigation water, then you can irrigate vegetables through pipes by using the wasted water from the kitchen.
To grow vegetables in a pot, you do not need much space, you can grow vegetables in a pot very easily on the balcony or any such empty space where you can keep the pot. If the pot is of clay then it will be very good. Apart from this, you can also use bad buckets, oil casks, wooden tracks etc. lying at your house, just make sure to drain the water by making 2 or 4 holes under them. Vegetables like tomato, brinjal cabbage can be easily grown in pots. We can grow vegetables like green coriander, fenugreek, mint etc. in a tin or plastic tray which contains 3 or 5 inches of soil.
On the roof of the house:
Before planting vegetables, put a thick plastic sheet on the roof, then make a boundary wall with bricks or wooden strips, spread the soil evenly in it and keep water drainage. By planting vegetables on the terrace, your house also remains cool during the summer, which will give you a lot of relief.
Choose such a place in the back of the house where sunlight reaches because the growth of the plant is possible only through sunlight. It is very important for plants to get 5-6 hours of sunlight every day. Therefore, do not make the garden in a shaded place.
Make a compost pit on one side of the vegetable garden so that household waste, plant residues can be dumped, which can be used as manure after rotting.
For the protection of the garden, fence with thorny bushes and wire, in which the creeper vegetables should be planted.
Make small roads for taking care of vegetables and plants and for coming and going.
For the vegetables to be transplanted, make a nursery on some side where the seedlings can be prepared.
Make small beds for vegetables and drains for irrigation of beds.
Plant fruit trees in the west direction on the banks so that the shadow does not affect others.
Plant a lawn (greenery) on the main road according to the land available for recreation.