There has been a relationship between nature and man for centuries. The biggest thing about nature is that it does not consume its own things. Just as a river does not drink its own water, trees do not eat their own fruit, flowers spread their fragrance throughout the environment. This means that nature does not discriminate or favor anyone, but when man unnecessarily messes with nature, then he gets angry. Which she warns man from time to time expressing it in the form of drought, flood, inundation, storm. It is believed that as long as there is land, water and forest, human development will continue. Trees and plants take what humans leave, and humans take whatever trees and plants they leave. There is life from water, forest and land. If there is no life then development i.e. electricity, roads, etc. will be of no use. It will not be surprising to say that the health of the community is the wealth of the nation. To preserve water, forest and land, it is very important to purify the mind. The human mind is a part of the internal environment. Water, forest and land are part of the external environment.

We are part of nature, this nature provides us with such resources which build our livelihood. Plants grow in different forms and heights in different lands and climates, and each species has developed its own extraordinary character. The leaves can often be used to make fans for thatch in homes, make temporary baskets or hats, raincoats etc. from leaves, vines and grasses.

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Trees and plants existed even before humans came to earth. Our ancestors depended on nature for their daily life and this relationship formed civilization. Leaves and twigs were made into makeshift baskets for hunting and carrying collected foods. Plant material was manipulated to create objects such as mats, roofs and walls for shelter. Eventually, plant fibers were extracted and processed into threads, then woven into cloth to clothe us, giving rise to the textile culture.

Chinese Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei)

This evergreen perennial palm tree is part of the Arecaceae family and is native to the subtropical and temperate forests of China, India, Japan, and Mayanmar.  Because of this palm trees slow growth rate, it is also commonly cultivated in containers and used as house, patio, deck, or terrace plants. Chinese Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) has been cultivated for thousands of years; particularly in Japan and China, where it has been primarily used for is durable leaf sheath fibers. The fibers are used to make a variety of products, including ropes, mats, sacks, hats, strings, and brooms.

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Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera)

Coconut Palm is one of the ten most useful trees in the world, providing food to millions of people. Coconut tree from flower opening to ripe nut. The open flowers, protected by a sheath, are often used to fashion shoes, hats, even a type of pressed helmet for soldiers. Coir fibers used for ropes and mat, and the shell is a natural container. The leaves grow in a pinnate form, which is convenient for becoming an instant cap or basket.

Buri Palm (Corypha umbraculifera)

The leaves of Buri Palm were written upon in various South Asian and South-East Asian cultures using an iron stylus to create palm leaf manuscripts. In Philippines, it is used by the locals and renowned as buri or buli. The leaves are also used for itching, and the sap is tapped to make palm wine which is very popular across the country.  Buri Palm strong ribs of the leaves are used to make brooms and brushes.

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Rattan (Calamus)

The calamus palm is a species of the family Arecaceae. Which is native to Asia, Africa and Australia. Furniture, baskets, mats etc. are made from this tree. It is twisted into ropes, or stretched entire across rivers, as the main supports of indigenous suspension bridges


Because of its combined strength and light-weight, bamboo is one of the most used building materials, particularly in areas of the world where it is found in abundance. Historically and today, is an important resource to build bridges, houses, scaffolding, Caps, falls, floors, roofs and other structures. Part of its popularity is due to the plant’s flexibility – you can bend it, split it or shape it depending on your needs. It is important to treat the plant before using it as a construction material so as to avoid rot and insects. Bamboo (Bambusoideae) of the grass family (Poaceae) include some of the fastest-growing plants in the world

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Pandan leaf (Pandanus)

Pandan leaf (genus Pandanus), also called screw pine. Pandan leaf Much use is made of the leaves for thatching, mats, hats, ropes, twine, sails for small boats, baskets, and fibre products.The leaves of pandan (P. amaryllifolius) are used in Southeast Asian cooking, notably in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Thatch screw pine has flowers whose essence (called pandanus, or kewra, water) is used as a flavouring in North Indian foods.

Rice Straw (Oryza Sativa)

Rice straw is used by farmers to feed livestock, but you will not know that people are used for roofing, mattress stuffing, packing and as fuel. It is soft and light, so easy to manipulate. Rice straw is a byproduct of rice cultivation, which is abundant in Asia where rice is the staple food.

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