We cannot even imagine our life without trees and plants. The more trees and plants around us, the happier and healthier our life will be. Many people like trees and plants very much and they also like to plant them in their home and garden.
If you are also fond of gardening, then you must have always noticed how trees and plants grow and what is necessary for their growth. In this article, you will know what is necessary for the growth of the plant.
Explain that, like humans and animals, water, nutrients, sunlight, and air are all needed for the development of plants. Almost all plants obtain nutrients from water and soil through their roots.
Plants build their different parts by taking water and nutrients from the soil, carbon dioxide from the air, and light energy from the sun through their roots.
Nutrients are classified as follows according to the requirement of plants.
Main nutrients – Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potash.
Secondary nutrients – calcium, magnesium, and sulfur.
Micronutrients- Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Molybdenum, Boron, and Chlorine.
Essential nutrients and their functions in plants
A total of 17 nutrients are required for the normal growth and development of plants. A deficiency of any one of these nutrients adversely affects the yield and a bountiful crop is not available. Plants obtain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from air and water.
Plants obtain nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium from the soil. Plants need it in large quantities. These are called major nutrients. Plants take calcium, magnesium, and sulfur in small amounts.
Functions of nutrients