Layering is a unique method of producing new plants from plant stems or twigs.
If you want to prepare new plants from trees and plants in your home garden, that too without grafting or cutting method, then this article is for you.
What Is Layering In Plants
40 to 50 plants are prepared from a single plant by air layering method. In this method, roots are produced in any branch or twig of the plant without separating it from the plant.
Types Of Layering In Plants
1. Ground Layering 2. Gootee or Air Layering
This method is adopted in the branches near the ground or in the plants whose branches can be successfully pressed into the ground.
There are many methods of ground layering
– Simple Layering – Ring Layering – Surpentine or Compound Layering – Tongue Layering – Tip Layering – Trench Layering – Stool Layering – Chinese or Pot Layering – Machaan Layering
In this method, the branch or twig of the plant is simply buried in the ground. Keep in mind that in this layering, the upper edge or end of the branch is not to be completely pressed, it should be about 15 cm.
Surpentine or Compound Layering
It is also called compound layering. In this method, leaving as many places of the branch as possible in the ground, leave it in the gap.
In this method, the upper tip of the plant is bent and buried in the ground. This method is adopted in raspberry, blackberry plants.
In this method, the whole twig is buried in the ground. In this, like ordinary layering or snake layering, no part of the branch is left but the whole is buried in the ground till the top.
Ring layering is also similar to ordinary layering, but in this, a ring shape is made in the pressed part of the branch, due to which the roots start growing sooner.
In this method, the tongue shape is made on the pressed part of the branch without making a ring.
In this method, the way earthing up is done around the stems of the plant, about 30 cm above the soil is given, after a few days new branches or shoots start coming out from the edge of the stems.
Chinese or pot Layering