Lavender

Introduction / परिचय

Lavender flower is famous for its fragrant smell. This flower is very beautiful in appearance. Lavender is a flower of the mint species. Lavender is a well-known and fragrant perennial plant with grayish-green leaves, upright flower spikes and a compact shrub form. It is native to Europe and can be planted in spring, when the threat of freezing has passed and the soil has warmed. It will grow at a moderate pace, often adding a few inches to its size each year. The lavender plant in the garden makes an excellent companion plant for almost anything from roses to cabbage. It is one of those aromatic, earthy herbs.

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English Name:Lavender
Hindi Name:लैवेंडर
Scientific Name:Lavandula
Family:Lamiaceae
Kingdom:Plantae
Light :Full sun to Partial Shade
Height:2-3 feet tall, 2-4 feet wide
Flower Color :Pinkish purple through violet to blueish-indigo
Leaves Color :Green when young and turns silvery-grey as they age
Eason Features :

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Varieties / किस्मे

Lavender is available in several species, each of which has its own and benefits. they include. Some popular species of lavender flowers are Spanish Lavender, English Lavender, Hidcote, Impress Purple, Hybrid, Egyptian Lavender, and French Lavender.

English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia):

Available in several species, including: 'Munstead' an old-fashioned standard with bluish-purple flowers that grow to about 18 inches tall, 'Hidcote' This species is known for its deep purple flowers A unique mix that produces spikes of pale pink flowers.

Lavandin (Lavandula x intermedia):

Including: 'Provence' A species especially popular for drying, 'Grosso' is a highly disease resistant and aromatic standard.

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Fringed lavender (Lavandula dentata):

A bushy, spreading shrub that produces spikes of dense purple-blue flowers that are very pretty, but only lightly scented.

French lavender (Lavandula stoechas):

A beautiful Mediterranean native that is compact and bushy with fragrant, deep purple flowers.

Classification of Plants/ पौधों का वर्गीकरण

The lavender plant grows as a small shrub. The maximum height of this plant is 3 feet. The leaves of this plant are long and narrow. The twigs of its plant are long, on which there are flowers on the top. Lavender flowers are mainly blue, purple, but some species also come in yellow and pink. Each plant bears 1 to 10 clusters of flowers. Lavender is called Lavandula spica in India and other Mediterranean countries. It is a kind of fragrant flower. Which grows in the form of a bush. Lavender plant is used for decoration in gardens. Many different branches emerge from the root of the lavender plant, these branches are elongated, on which the lavender flower blooms.

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History / इतिहास

Lavender flower is believed to be native to Arabia and Russia, besides it is found in abundance in the continent of Freica, Southwest Asia, Western Iran and Southeast India. The height of the lavender plant is about 2 to 3 feet. The shape of the leaves of the plant is long and narrow, which is green in color. Lavender flower belongs to Lamiaceae species, about 39 flowering plants are found in this species, including mint. Plants of this species grow in the form of shrubs, and they are mostly used for herbs. In ancient times, Egyptians used to bury dead bodies using lavender perfume before mummifying them. Lavender flower is a symbol of purity and peace. Apart from this, the fragrance of this flower is very fragrant, which is beneficial in reducing stress. You must plant lavender in your home or garden.

Uses and Benefits / उपयोग एवं फायदे

  • Lavender oil is beneficial in many ways. It can also be applied on insect bites. Apart from this, this oil also gives relief from pain.
  • A special kind of aromatic fragrance emanates from lavender oil, which calms our mind. Which is very beneficial for getting good sleep.
  • Anti-anxiety properties are found in lavender oil, which is very beneficial in relieving stress. For this, put a few drops of lavender oil in the diffuser and turn it on. It will change the atmosphere of the whole room.
  • Lavender oil is also very beneficial for wound healing. It also cures inflammation, and redness of the skin. But before using this oil on any part of the skin, please consult a doctor.
  • Lavender oil is also very beneficial for muscles. If your muscles are stiff. And if there is pain, you can use lavender oil to get rid of it. To use it, put a few drops on the area where there is pain and massage it.

How to Grow Plant / कैसे उगाएं

Like most plants, your success in growing a lavender plant will depend on the kind of growing conditions you can provide, and the species you choose to grow. Lavender plants will tolerate many growing conditions, but they thrive in warm, well-draining alkaline soil and full sun.

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How to Take Care/ देखभाल कैसे करे

Lavender plant thrives in full sunlight, so let us now know how to plant lavender.

What type of soil is best for lavender?

Lavender plant prefers well drained soil, it does not like acidic soil so if you are making a soil mix, take some part of sand for drainage.

How much should water lavender plant?

Lavender is a resilient plant, once planted, it should be watered regularly, it does not take much water.

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Best Temperature and Humidity

The lavender plant can withstand a range of temperatures. Less watering in the winter months can come in the form of wet roots or high humidity in the summer. Your plant should have enough room for air to flow through and always plant lavender in a sunny location.

When to Harvest Lavender Flowers

One of the main reasons the lavender plant is so prized is that its flowers retain their scent when dried. Lavender flowers are beautiful and fragrant as well as edible. They can be used raw in salads, added to soups and stews, used as a condiment, baked into cookies, and added to tea.

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How to prune lavender plant?

Lavender plants are only pruned regularly from flowering cuttings, with a little bit of spring pruning recommended to keep them well shaped and encourage new growth. Tall species can be cut to about one-third of their height, while shorter growing species can either be cut back a few inches, or cut back for new growth. If you live in an area where lavender dies in winter, don't prune your plant until you see new green growth at the base of the plant.

Interesting Facts / रोचक तथ्य

If the soil is too wet where the lavender plant is planted, leaf spots and root rot can occur. Additionally, many plants will perish if their soil becomes too wet during the winter months.

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